Antimache. Wife of Eurystheus, the
tormentor of Heracles 1. The children of Eurystheus and Antimache were Admete 2, Alexander 2, Iphimedon, Eurybius 2, Mentor 2, and Perimedes 1. Antimache was daughter of Amphidamas 1, son of Lycurgus 2, son of Aleus, son of Aphidas 1, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto [Apd.2.5.9, 2.8.1, 3.9.2].
Antimachus 1. Son of Heracles 1 and Nicippe 2, one of the many daughters of Thespius and Megamede [Apd.2.7.8].
Antimachus 2. See HERACLIDES.
Antimachus 3. See SUITORS OF
Antimachus 4. See CENTAURS.
Antimachus 5 was a Trojan that, hoping
for bribes, was most eloquent in defeating all
proposals to give back Helen to Menelaus. His children were Pisander 1, Hippolochus 2, Hippomachus 1, and Tisiphone 3 [see also Antenor 1]
[Hom.Il.11.122ff., 12.189; QS.1.406].
Antimachus 6. See ACHAEANS.
Antimachus 7. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.
Antimenes. Son of Deiphontes, one of the HERACLIDES, and Hyrnetho, daughter of Temenus 2, son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1 [Pau.2.28.6].
Antinoe 1. Of this woman it is said that she, in accordance with an oracle and following a snake (Serpent 8), removed the inhabitants of Ptolis to a new place near the river Ophis in Arcadia. Antinoe 1 is daughter of King Cepheus 2 of Tegea [Pau.8.8.4].
Antinoe 2. Daughter of King Pelias 1 of Iolcus, either by Anaxibia 2 or by Philomache. Antinoe 2 migrated to Mantinea in Arcadia, fleeing from
the scandal at her father's death. For Pelias 1 died by the
hand of his own daughters, who were deceived by Medea [Pau.8.11.3].
Antinous 1. Son of King Priam 1 of Troy [Hyg.Fab.90].
Antinous 2. See SUITORS OF
Antioche. See AMAZONS.
Antiochus 1. Son of Heracles 1 and Meda 1, daughter of King Phylas 1 of Ephyra (Corinth). Antiochus 1 was father of Phylas 2, one of the HERACLIDES [Apd.2.8.3; Pau.1.5.2].
Antiochus 2. Son of Melas 1, son of Porthaon, of the royal house of Calydon. Antiochus 2 was killed by Diomedes 2's father Tydeus 2 for plotting against King Oeneus 2 of Calydon [Apd.1.8.5].
Antiochus 3. Son of King Pterelaus of Taphos. He was killed by the sons of Electryon 1 [see Mycenae]
Antiochus 4. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Hyg.Fab.168, 170].
Antion was the oldest of the brothers among the sons of the Lapith Periphas 2 and Astyaguia, daughter of Hypseus 1, king of the LAPITHS and son of the river god Peneus. Antion married Perimele 3, daughter of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1, and had by
her a son Ixion, who
attempted to rape Hera,
being for that punished in the Underworld. But
others have said that Ixion's father was Leonteus 2 [Dio.4.69.3; Hyg.Fab.62].
Antiope 1. One of the many daughters of
Thespius and Megamede. She slept with Heracles 1 and had a son Alopius [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].
Antiope 2. Daughter of Pylo, son of Naubolus 4. She married King Eurytus 4 of Oechalia and had children by him: Clytius 1, Iphitus 1, Didaeon, Toxeus 3, and Iole [Hes.CWE.79;
Antiope 3. A most beautiful woman. She was made captive by her uncle Lycus 5 and tormented by his wife Dirce. But later she was avenged by her sons Amphion 1 and
Zethus, whom she had by Zeus, who took the shape of a Satyr to approach her. Antiope 3 is daughter either of the river god Asopus, or of Nycteus 2 and Polyxo 3. She married King Epopeus 1 of Sicyon and became mother of Oenope and Marathon. She is also said to have married Phocus 4, after whom Phocis was named, and to have been raped by her uncle Lycus 5 [see Thebes, Sicyon and Amphion 1]. She was
seen by Odysseus when he descended to the Underworld [Apd.3.5.5; Hom.Od.11.260; Hyg.Fab.7, 157;
Ov.Met.6.110; Nonn.7.123, 33.301; Pau.2.1.1, 2.6.1, 9.17.6; Prop.1.4.5, 3.15.14].
Antiope 4. See AMAZONS.
Antiope 5. Daughter of Aeolus 1 and mother
by Poseidon of Boeotus, after whom Boeotia was called, and Hellen 2 [Hyg.Fab.157].
Antiophemus. Father of the minstrel and
poet Musaeus. Others say, however, that Musaeus'
father was Orpheus [Pau.10.5.6; Dio.4.25.1].
Antipaphus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Hyg.Fab.168, 170].
Antiphantes. Son of the Trojan seer Laocoon 2. It is
said that because Laocoon 2 threw his
spear against the WOODEN HORSE, Apollo sent snakes (Serpents 3 and 4) to kill his sons. In trying to help them Laocoon 2 was also killed together with his sons
Antiphates 1. See TROJANS.
Antiphates 2. King of the Laestrygonians,
who are the cannibals that destroyed Odysseus' fleet at
his return from Troy [Apd.Ep.7.12].
Antiphates 3. King of one of the three
kingdoms of Argos. Antiphates 3 was son of the soothsayer Melampus 1, son of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1. His mother was Iphianira 1, daughter of Megapenthes 2, son of Proetus 1, who is also father of Danae. Antiphates 3 married Zeuxippe 4, daughter of Hippocoon 5, and had children by her: Oicles and Amphalces [Dio.4.68.5; Hom.Od.15.242-3].
Antiphates 4 is one of the companions of Aeneas in Italy. He was son of Sarpedon 1, son of Zeus, and a Theban woman (Woman 11). He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in
Antiphates 5. See ACHAEANS.
Antiphonus. Son of Priam 1. He was killed
by Neoptolemus at Troy [Hom.Il.24.250;
Antiphos was a soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST
THEBES. He was killed by Hypseus 3 at Thebes [Stat.Theb.9.252].
Antiphus 1. Son of Myrmidon and Pisidice 1, daughter of Aeolus 1 [Apd.1.7.4].
Antiphus 2. See TROJANS.
Antiphus 3. Son of Heracles 1 and Laothoe 1, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].
Antiphus 4. See TROJAN LEADERS.
Antiphus 5. See ACHAEAN
Antiphus 6. See ACHAEANS.
Antiphus 7. An old friend of the house of Odysseus [Hom.Od.17.68].
Antiphus 8. See ACHAEANS.
Antiphus 9 was a defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was
killed by Amphiaraus and Apollo [Stat.Theb.7.755].
Antipoenus. This is the man who,
according to an oracle, had to die by his own hand
so that Thebes would
be saved, but his daughters Androclia and Alcis
took their lives in his stead. This happened when Heracles 1, leading
the Thebans, was about to engage in battle with the
Antippus. Father of Hippea, mother of Polyphemus 1, one of the ARGONAUTS [Hyg.Fab.14].
Antisthenes.See SUITORS OF
Antitheus. See ACHAEANS.
Antolia (see Anatole) [Nonn.41.283].
Antores. A friend of Heracles 1 who had
settled in Italy and fought on Aeneas' side. He was
killed by Mezentius, king of the Etruscans
ANTS. See BESTIARY.
Anubis. A dog-headed god worshipped by
the Egyptians. Telethusa saw him in her vision
Anxur 1. An ally of Turnus in Italy; he
was killed by Aeneas [Vir.Aen.10.546].
Anxur 2. A chieftain in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes [Val.6.68].
Anytus. One of the TITANS who reared the
Mistress, daughter of Demeter [Pau.8.37.5].
Aoede. Song. One of the MUSES [Pau.9.29.2].
Aollius (Avillius). Son of Romulus and Hersilia
Aon. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was
killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.8.475].
Aoris. Son of Aras and an experienced
hunter and warrior. He named the land Araethyrea in
western Argolis in memory of his sister, who died
first. Himself he was buried in the Arantine Hill,
near Araethyrea. His father Aras, an AUTOCHTHONOUS,
has been called the first of the Phliasians, who
lived near Sicyon [Pau.2.12.4-5].
Apate is Deceit, a child of Nyx [Hes.The.224].
Apemosyne followed her brother
Althaemenes when he left Crete and settled in Rhodes.In this island
she fled from Hermes who loved her, but slipping, she was deflowered.
When she told to her brother what had happened, he
did not believe her story and, in a fit of rage,
kicked her to death. Apemosyne was daughter of Catreus [Apd.3.2.1].
Aphaea (see Britomartis) [Lib.Met.40;
Aphareus 1. King of Messenia. It is said that he inherited the kingdom together with his brother Leucippus 2, but keeping the greater authority. He was the son of Perieres 1 and Gorgophone 2, daughter of Perseus 1. Aphareus 1 married Arene, after whom he named the Messenian city, and had by her two sons, Idas 2 and Lynceus 1, who are known for having been the rivals of the DIOSCURI [Apd.3.10.3; Hyg.Fab.14; Pau.4.2.4].
Aphareus 2. See CENTAURS.
Aphareus 3. See ACHAEANS.
Aphidas 1. King of Arcadia together with his brother Elatus 2; yet the latter, they say, had all the power. Aphidas 1 was son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. His mother could have been Leanira, or Meganira, or Chrysopelia, or Erato 1. Aphidas 1 had a son Aleus, and a daughter Stheneboea [Apd.3.9.1; Pau.8.4.2].
Aphidas 2. See CENTAURS.
Aphidnus 1. A companion of Aeneas in Italy. He
was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in war
Aphidnus 2 was the man who adopted the DIOSCURI, so that
they could be initiated in the mysteries, as was
the custom with foreigners. This happened when the DIOSCURI had taken
Aphidnae and controlled Athens, after the war
that followed the abduction of their sister Helen by Theseus [Plu.The.33.2].
Apidanus. See RIVER GODS.
Apis 1. This is the sacred ox worshipped by the Egyptians. Apis 1 appeared to Telethusa in her dreams [Ov.Met.9.691].
Apis 2, who named the Peloponnesus after himself Apia, was such a stern tyrant that he was conspired against and killed either by Thelxion and Telchis, or by Aetolus 2. According to some he was the son of Phoroneus, his
mother being either Teledice or Cinna; others say
his father was Telchis, and still others call him
son of Apollo. Some have said that Apis 2 died childless, but others have said that Thelxion was his son [Aes.Supp.262; Apd.1.7.6, 2.1.1; Hyg.Fab.145; Pau.2.5.6-7].
Apisaon 1. See TROJANS.
Apisaon 2. See TROJANS.
Apoecus, a great-grandchild of King Melanthus 1 of Athens, son of Andropompus 1, son of Borus 3, son of Penthilus 2, son of Periclymenus 1, son of Neleus, is remembered for having introduced the Ionians into Teos, a city in Lydia in Asia Minor, and having later received the new settlers led by Geres, a Boeotian, and Naoclus, one of the sons of King Codrus 1 of Athens [see also Ionia] [Pau.7.3.6].
APOLLO'S OFFSPRING. See Apollo.
Apres. A warrior in the army of Aeetes during the
Colchian civil war. He was killed by Colaxes, a
chieftain in the army of Aeetes' brother and enemy Perses 3 [Val.6.638].
Apriate. A girl from Lesbos, the island
in the Aegean Sea. She was attacked by Trambelus,
who was in love with her and tried to make capture
her, but she struggled with such a violence against
him that he, using his strength, threw Apriate into
the sea and she drowned [Parth.26.1-4].
Apseudes. See NEREIDS.
Apsyrtus (Absyrtus, Aegialeus 3). This is Medea's brother, whom
some say was sent by Aeetes to bring back Medea, who had sailed
from Colchis with Jason and the ARGONAUTS.
Others say that he was in the ship with the fleeing Medea, and as their
father started off in her pursuit, she then
murdered Apsyrtus and, cutting him limb from limb,
threw the pieces into the sea. And so, gathering
his son's limbs, Aeetes fell behind in
the pursuit. Yet others have said that the
circumstances of Apsyrtus' death were quite
different, being in any case treacherously murdered
by Medea or Jason or by both.
Apsyrtus was son of Aeetes, either by Asterodia 3 [see NYMPHS] or by Hecate [Apd.1.9.23;
AO.797, 1030; Arg.3.240, 4.464ff.; Dio.4.45.3;
Hyg.Fab.23; Strab.7.5.5; Val.5.457, 8.261ff.].
Apterus was betrothed to Eulimene 2, but she consorted secretly with Lycastus 2. In order to get better results against her father's enemies she was, following an oracle, sacrificed as a virgin in spite of Lycastus 2's confession. Upon discovery after her death that she was pregnant, Apterus killed Lycastus 2 and fled to the court of King Xanthus 10 of Termera, a place in Lycia, Asia Minor [Parth.35].
Aquicolus. An ally of Turnus routed by
the troops of Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.684].
Aquites. A Colchian priest, father of
Cyrnus. He was killed by Gesander during the
Colchian civil war, between Aeetes and his brother Perses 3 [Val.6.295ff.].
Arabius. Father of Cassiopea 3, mother of Carme, mother by Zeus of
Britomartis who, fleeing from Minos 2, leapt into
the sea from a cliff and fell into the nets of
fishermen, which saved her [Lib.Met.40].
Arabus. Eponym of Arabia. He was the son
of Hermes and Thronia, daughter of Belus 1, son of Poseidon and Libya, daughter of Epaphus 1, son of Zeus and Io [Strab.1.2.34].
Araethyrea. This is the woman after whom
her brother Aoris called the place with the same
name in western Argolis, after her death. She was
daughter of Aras, called the first of the
Phliasians, people living near Sicyon. She married
Cisus, one of the HERACLIDES, and
had by him a son Phlias, after whom Phliasia near
Sicyonia is called. Araethyrea was buried in the
Arantine Hill, which is near the place Araethyrea
Aramulius Silvius (see Allodius) [Dio.7.5.10].
Aras. An AUTOCHTHONOUS,
said to be the first of the Phliasians. He was the
father of Aoris and Araethyrea. At his death he was
buried at Celeae [Pau.2.12.4-5].
Aratus. Son of Asclepius and
Arbelus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Apd.2.1.5].
Arcadia 1. See DANAIDS.
Arcadia 2 married Nyctimus, son of the
impious Lycaon 2, and
had a daughter Phylonome, who consorted with Ares [Plu.PS.36].
Arcas 1 (Arctophylax, Bootes). King of Arcadia, who today
can be seen among the Constellations.
He is the son of Zeus and Callisto. When
his mother perished, Zeus named the child Arcas 1, and gave it to Hermes' mother Maia to
bring up in Arcadia, a land called after him. Arcas 1 is said to have succeeded Nyctimus, son of impious Lycaon 2, on the throne. By Leanira, Meganira or Chrysopelia, he became father of Elatus 2 and Aphidas 1, or else he was father of these two and Azan by Erato 1. By unknown or unmentioned women he fathered Autolaus, Hyperippe 2, Erymanthus 2 and Diomenia, and by Laodamia 3 he became father of Triphylus. Arcas 1 is counted among those who were made immortal, being placed among the stars [Apd.3.8.2, 3.9.1; Hyg.Ast.2.4; Hyg.Fab.224; Nonn.13.296; Pau.5.1.4,
8.4.1-2, 8.9.9, 8.24.1, 10.9.5].
Arcas 2. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.
Arcena. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.
Arceophon passionately loved Arsinoe 3, but as she refused him he let himself die of hunger [Lib.Met.39].
Arcesilaus 1 (see Archesilaus) [Hyg.Fab.97].
Arcesilaus 2. King of Cyrene, a city on the northern coast of Africa just east of the Libyan Sea. He was son of Battus 2, son of Polymnestus and Phronime [Hdt.4.150-159].
Arcesius (see Arcisius) [Hyg.Fab.189,
Arcetius. A soldier in the army of
Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy.
Arcetius was killed by Mnestheus [Vir.Aen.12.459].
Archander migrated from Phthiotis to Argos and there married Scaea, daughter of Danaus 1. Archander was son of Achaeus 1, from whom the Achaeans derive their name. He had a son Metanastes [see also Achaea] [Pau.7.1.6].
Archebates. Son of impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].
Archedicus. Son of Heracles 1 and Eurypyle 1, one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].
Archedius. One of the sons of the
Arcadian Tegeates, who migrated to Crete. His mother was Maera 3, daughter of Atlas [Pau.8.53.4].
Archelaus 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Apd.2.1.5].
Archelaus 2. Son of Heracles 1 [Hyg.Fab.162].
Archelaus 3. One of the sons of King Electryon 1 of Mycenae and Anaxo 1. He was killed by the sons of Pterelaus who claimed the kingdom of their ancestor Mestor 1 [see also Mycenae]
Archelaus 4. Spartan king, remembered for having conquered, in historical times, the city of Aegys, selling the inhabitants (the Perioeci) into slavery. He was son of Agesilaus, son of Doryssus, son of Labotas, son of Echestratus, son of Agis 1, son of Eurysthenes 1, son of Aristodemus, son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1. Archelaus 4 had a son Teleclus [Pau.3.2.5-6].
Archelaus 5. See HERACLIDES.
Archelaus 6 (see Echelas) [Strab.13.1.3].
Archelochus. See TROJAN LEADERS.
Archemachus 1. Son of King Priam 1 of Troy [Apd.3.12.5;
Archemachus 2. Son of Heracles 1 and
Patro, one of the many daughters of Thespius
Archemolus. See SUITORS OF
Archemorus (see Opheltes 1) [Hyg.Fab.74,
Archenor. See NIOBIDS.
Archeptolemus. See TROJANS.
Archesilaus (Arcesilaus 1). See ACHAEAN
Archestratus. See SUITORS OF
Archilochus. See TROJANS.
Archilycus (see Areilycus 1) [Dio.4.67.7].
Archippus. A Marruvian chieftain, ally of
Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy
Architeles 1. One of the sons of Achaeus 1. He migrated from Phthiotis to Argos and married Automate, daughter of Danaus 1 [see also Achaea] [Pau.7.1.6].
Architeles 2 is remembered for having
pardoned Heracles 1 for having accidentally killed his son Eunomus 1 with a blow of his knuckles [Apd.2.7.6].
Arcisius (Arcesius) was father of
Laertes, father of Odysseus. He was the son of Cephalus 1 and Procris 2 or, as
others say, of Zeus [Apd.1.9.16; Hyg.Fab.189; Hom.Od.16.118;
Arctophylax (see Arcas 1) [Hyg.Ast.2.1].
Arctos (see Callisto)
Arctus. See CENTAURS.
Ardalus is the inventor of the flute. He
was son of Hephaestus [Pau.2.31.3].
Ardeias. Son of Odysseus and Circe [DH.1.72.5].
Ardescus. See RIVER GODS.
Areilycus 1 (Archilycus) is mainly remembered on account of his sons Archesilaus and Prothoenor 1 (whom he had by Theobula 1), who were the leaders of the Boeotians in the expedition against Troy. His father was Itonus 2, son of Boeotus, son either of Poseidon, or of Itonus 1, son of Amphictyon, son of Deucalion 1, the
man who survived the Flood [Dio.4.67.7;
Areilycus 2. See TROJANS.
Areithous 1 is known for never fighting with a bow or a spear; instead he used to break the enemy ranks with an iron mace. For this reason he was surnamed Maceman (Corynetes). He married Phylomedusa and had a son Menesthius 2, who was killed by Paris at Troy. It was King Lycurgus 2 of Arcadia who ended the days of Areithous 1 [Hom.Il.7.8,
Areithous 2. See TROJANS.
Arene was mother of Idas 2 and Lynceus 1, the enemies of the DIOSCURI. It was her husband Aphareus 1 who named the city Arene in Messenia after her. Arene was daughter of Oebalus 1 and Gorgophone 2, the daughter of Perseus 1 [Hyg.Fab.14; Pau.4.2.4].
ARES' OFFSPRING. See Ares.
Aresthanas was the herdman who found the
child Asclepius exposed [but see also Autolaus] [Pau.2.26.4].
Arestor 1. Father by Mycene of Argus 1 [Apd.2.1.2-3;
Arestor 2. Father of Argus 4, one of the ARGONAUTS [Arg.1.20ff.].
Arestor 3. Father of Opheltes 5, a warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during
the Indian War [Nonn.35.379].
Aretaon. See TROJANS.
Arete. The Phaeacian queen
who married Medea to Jason. She was still
queen when Odysseus came to the island. Arete was daughter of Rhexenor 2, son of Nausithous 1, son of Poseidon and Periboea 1, daughter of the giant Eurymedon 2. She was married to King Alcinous and had children by him: Nausicaa, Laodamas 1, Halius 1, and Clytoneus 2 [AO.1319;
Apd.1.9.25; Hes.CWE.49; Hom.Od.6.15, 7.56ff.,
Arethusa 1. See NEREIDS.
Arethusa 2. One of the HESPERIDES.
Daughter either of Nyx,
or of Atlas and
Hesperis, in turn said to be daughter either of Zeus and Themis, or of Hesperus 2, son of Iapetus 1, one of the TITANS [Apd.2.5.2;
Arethusa 3. See NYMPHS.
Arethusa 4. One of Actaeon's dogs [see Actaeon]
Arethusa 5. A Cretan woman, whose son was
killed in the Trojan
War. She was married to Thersander 4, and the name of her son was Hyllus 6 [QS.10.82].
Aretias. Father of King Nisus 2 of Dulichium, one of the Echinadian Islands at the entrance of the Gulf of Corinth [Hom.Od.16.395].
Aretus 1. See TROJANS.
Aretus 2. Son of Nestor and Anaxibia 3, or of Nestor and Eurydice 8 [Apd.1.9.9; Hom.Od.3.452].
Aretus 3. A Bebrycian who helped to bind gauntlets about the hands of Amycus 1 for his boxing-match. He was later killed by Clytius 1, one of the ARGONAUTS [Arg.2.51, 2.117].
Aretus 4 armed his force under compulsion
and joined King Deriades of India against Dionysus 2 in the
Indian War. His sons were dumb because while he was
sacrificing to Aphrodite the day of his marriage, a
pregnant sow gave birth to a bastard brood of
marine creatures. A seer was asked and he foretold
a succession of dumb children to come, like the
voiceless generation of the sea. After the war Dionysus 2 restored their voices. His sons, whom he had by Laobie, were Lycus 14, Myrsus, Glaucus 10, Periphas 8, and Melaneus 8 [Nonn.26.250ff.].
Aretus 5. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during
the Indian War. He was killed by King Deriades of
Areus. Son of Ampyx 3, son of Pelias 2, son of Aeginetes 1, son of Dereites, son of Harpalus 1, son of Amyclas 1, son of Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete,
one of the PLEIADES. Areus had a son Agenor 9, father of Preugenes, father of Patreus, the founder of Patrae, a city in Achaea [Pau.7.18.5].
Argaeus. Father of Aspalis, who was attacked by Tartarus 2 and hanged herself, and of Astygites, who avenged his sister [Lib.Met.13].
Argalus. King of Lacedaemon after his father's death. He is son of Amyclas 1, son of Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, one of the PLEIADES. His mother was Diomede 2, daughter of Lapithus 1, son of Apollo and Stilbe,
daughter of the river god Peneus. On his death he
was succeeded by Cynortes [see also Sparta] [Apd.3.10.3;
Arganthone is the famous huntress from
Cius, a city in northern Mysia near Mount
Arganthonius (Turkish city of Gemlik), who fell in
love with Rhesus 2,
the chieftain who came from Thrace to fight at Troy and died the day
after his arrival. When she heard that Rhesus 2 had
perished, she let herself starve to death
Argasides. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during
the Indian War, killed by King Deriades of India
Arge. See METAMORPHOSES.
Argeas. Father of Polymelus 1, whom Patroclus 1 killed
at Troy [Hom.Il.16.417].
Argele. One of the many daughters of
Thespius and Megamede. Like her sisters she
consorted with Heracles 1, and had by him a son Cleolaus 1 [Apd.2.4.10, 2.7.8].
Argennus. One of the PANS who came to
join Dionysus 2 in
his campaign against India. Son of Pan
Arges. See CYCLOPES.
Argestes. The North-west wind. See WINDS.
Argeus 1. Son of King Megapenthes 2 of Argos, son of Proetus 1, uncle of Danae. Argeus 1 had a son Anaxagoras, who was also king of Argos, although some say he was son of Megapenthes 2 [Pau.2.18.4].
Argeus 2. Son of Deiphontes and Hyrnetho [for Deiphontes, son of Antimachus 2, son of Thrasyanor, son of Ctesippus 4, son of Heracles 1, see HERACLIDES]. Hyrnetho was daughter of Temenus 2, son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1 [Pau.2.28.6].
Argia 1 is the Princess of Argos, who married
Polynices, son of Oedipus. She had sons by him: Thersander 1, Adrastus 4, and Timeas. Argia 1 was daughter of King Adrastus 1 of Argos, who led the SEVEN AGAINST
THEBES. Her mother was Amphithea 1, daughter of Pronax, son of Talaus, yet another king of Argos [Apd.1.9.13, 3.6.1; Hes.CWE.99A; Hyg.Fab.71; Pau.2.20.5].
Argia 2. Mother, by Polybus 1, of Argus 2, one of the ARGONAUTS [Hyg.Fab.14].
Argia 3. See OCEANIDS.
Argia 4. Daughter of King Autesion 1 of Thebes, son of Tisamenus 1, son of Thersander 1, son of Polynices, son of Oedipus. Her husband was Aristodemus, son of Aristomachus 2, son of Cleodaeus 2, son of Hyllus 1, son of Heracles 1. Argia 4 became the mother of the twins Eurysthenes 1 and Procles 2 who, being enemies, caused Sparta, which they had
received by lot after the invasion of the HERACLIDES, to
support two royal houses [Apd.2.8.3; Hdt.6.52].
Argilipus. See CYCLOPES.
Argiodus (Agriodus). One of ACTAEON'S
DOGS. See Actaeon.
Argiope 1. See NYMPHS.
Argiope 2. Wife of Agenor 1, and mother of Europa, Phoenix 1, Cilix, and Cadmus [Hyg.Fab.178].
Argiope 3. See NYMPHS.
Argiope 4. Daughter of King Teuthras 1 of Teuthrania, a region near Mysia in Asia Minor. She married Telephus,
son of Heracles 1, and had a son Eurypylus 6, who was killed at Troy by Neoptolemus [Apd.Ep.5.12; Dio.4.33.12; Pau.3.26.9].
Argipus. A soldier in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST
THEBES. He was killed by Menoeceus 2 [Stat.Theb.9.266].
Argius 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS.
Argius 2 was son of Licymnius, a bastard son of King Electryon 1 of Mycenae. Argius 2 fell in battle fighting with Heracles 1 against King Eurytus 4 of Oechalia, a city of doubtful location [Apd.2.7.7].
Argius 3. See SUITORS OF
Argius 4. See CENTAURS.
Argo. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.
Argus 2. One of the ARGONAUTS. Son either of Polybus 1 and Argia 2 or of Danaus 3 [Hyg.Fab.14].
Argus 3. One of the ARGONAUTS, builder of the Argo. Son of Phrixus 1, son of Athamas 1, and of Chalciope 2, daughter of Aeetes. Argus 3 married Perimele 2, daughter of Admetus 1 and Alcestis [AO.861;
Apd.1.9.1, 1.9.16; Hes.GE.15; Hyg.Fab.21;
Argus 4. One of the ARGONAUTS. Like Argus 3, said to be the builder of the Argo. Argus 4 was son of Arestor 2 [Arg.1.111; Val.1.93, 1.314,
Argus 5 called the Peloponnesus, where he
regined, after himself Argos. He was son of Zeus and Niobe 1, daughter of Phoroneus. Argus 5 had children by Evadne 1, daughter of the river god Strymon 1: Ecbasus, Piras 1, Epidaurus, Criasus 1, Phorbas 1, and Tiryns. And by Ismene 1, daughter of the river god Asopus, he became the father of Argus 1 [Apd.2.1.1-3;
Pau.2.16.1, .2.25.8, 2.26.2].
Argus 6 was Odysseus' old dog, who was able to recognize his master after his long absence. Argus 6 died immediately after having seen his master in the twentieth year [Hom.Od.17.292ff.].
Argus 7 was among he PANS who came to
join Dionysus 2 in
his campaign against India. Son of Pan
Argus 8 was a warrior in the army of the SEVEN AGAINST
THEBES. He was killed by Hypseus 3 [Stat.Theb.4.804, 8.445].
Argus 9. Son of Abas 9. Argus 9 was one of the defenders of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was
killed by Parthenopaeus [Stat.Theb.9.758].
Argyphia. Wife of Aegyptus 1. She had sons by him: Lynceus 2, Proteus 1, Busiris 1, Enceladus 1, Lycus 1, and Daiphron 1 [see also DANAIDS] [Apd.2.1.5].
Argyra. See NYMPHS.
Aria. Mother of Miletus by Apollo. Aria was daughter of Cleochus 1 [Apd.3.1.2].
Ariasmenus, an ally of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the
Colchian civil war, was killed in battle by the
blades of chariots [Val.6.103, 6.423].
Aricia. Aricia married Hippolytus 4, son of Theseus. Hippolytus 4 died in Greece, but having been raised from the dead by Asclepius, he started a new life in Italy under the name of Virbius 1. He and Aricia had a son Virbius 2, who was an ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy.
Arines was a warrior in the army of Aeetes during the
Colchian civil war. He was slain by Colaxes
Arion 1. See BESTIARY.
Arisbas 1. Father of Liocritus 1 [see ACHAEANS]
Arisbas 2. Father of Molurus, the man who
was killed by his mistress' husband [Pau.9.36.6].
Arisbe was the first wife of Priam 1. Priam 1 handed her
over to Hyrtacus when he married a second wife, Hecabe 1. Arisbe, whose father was the seer Merops 1, had by Priam 1 a son Aesacus 1 [Apd.3.12.5].
Aristaeus (Nomius 1, Agreus 1). See SEERS.
Aristas. Son of Parthaon 1, son of Periphetes 4, son of Nyctimus, son of Lycaon 2. Aristas was father of Erymanthus 1, father of Arrhon 2, father of Psophis 1, the founder of Psophis in Arcadia.
Aristodama. Wife of Asclepius and
mother of Aratus [Pau.2.10.3].
Aristodeme. Daughter of Priam 1 [Apd.3.12.5].
Aristodemus. See HERACLIDES.
Aristolochus. See ACHAEANS.
Aristomache. Daughter of Priam 1, made captive
after the sack of Troy. She was married to Critolaus, son of Hicetaon 1, son of King Laomedon 1 of Troy [Pau.10.26.1].
Aristomachus 1. Son of King Talaus of Argos and Lysimache 1, daughter of Abas 3, son of Melampus 1, son of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1. Aristomachus 1 was father of Hippomedon 1, one of the SEVEN AGAINST
THEBES [Apd.1.9.13, 3.6.3].
Aristomachus 2. See HERACLIDES.
Aristomachus 3. One of the SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3 that were killed by Oenomaus 1. Hippodamia 3 married Pelops 1 [Pau.6.21.11].
Aristomelidas was a despot of Orchomenus
in Arcadia. He is
reported to have fallen in love with a girl from
Tegea. Having got her into his power, he entrusted
her to the keeping of Chronius. But the girl,
before being delivered up to Aristomelidas, killed
herself for fear and shame; and Chronius, stirred
up by Artemis, slew
Aristonoos. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Hyg.Fab.168, 170].
Aristratus. See SUITORS OF
Arius 1. One of the ARGONAUTS, son of Bias 1 and Pero 2 [Arg.1.118].
Arius 2. A despot in Teuthrania, Asia
Minor, who fought in single combat against
Pergamus, son of Neoptolemus and Andromache, and
was killed by him [Pau.1.11.2].
Arizelus. Father by Amphinome 3 of Harpalion 3, one of the ACHAEANS who fought
against Troy [QS.10.75].
Armenus. A Thessalian native of Armenium,
a city on the lake Boebeis, who followed Jason in the trip to
Colchis. The country Armenia was named after him.
Armes. A warrior in the army of Perses 3 against Aeetes during
the civil war in Colchis. He was killed by Aron
Armoasbus. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Hyg.Fab.168, 170].
Arnaeus (see Irus 2). [Hom.Od.18.5ff.].
Arne (Melanippe 4). See NYMPHS.
Arneus. Father of Megamede, the woman who
married Thespius and had many daughters by him [see
also Heracles 1]
Aron. A Colchian in the army of Aeetes during the
Colchian civil war [Val.5.587].
Arpoxais. Father of a Scythian clan. He
was son of Targitaus, son of Zeus and Borysthenes'
Arrhon 1 and his brothers, among which Erginus 1, attacked Thebes and, being victorious, imposed on the city a tribute to be paid each year for the murder of their father Clymenus 2, king of the Minyan Orchomenians [Pau.9.37.1-2].
Arrhon 2. Son of Erymanthus 1 and father of Psophis 1, the founder of Psophis in Arcadia [Pau.8.24.1].
Arruns 1 was an Etruscan ally of Aeneas. He is known for having slain Camilla. Arruns 1 was killed by Opis 4, an attendant of Artemis [Vir.Aen.11.759, 11.801ff., 11.863].
Arruns 2. Son of Demaratus, the
Corinthian who migrated to Italy after the
foundation of Rome. He died before the birth of his
son Egerius [Livy 1.34.2].
Arsalte. See DANAIDS.
Arsinoe 1 (Alphesiboea). Wife of Alcmaeon 1, the leader of the EPIGONI, and mother by him of Clytius 11. When Arsinoe 1 married Alcmaeon 1 she received the necklace of Harmonia 1. Later her brothers murdered her husband and when Arsinoe 1 reproached them, they put her into a chest and carried her to Tegea. There they gave her as a slave to Agapenor, falsely accusing her of her husband's murder. Arsinoe 1 was daughter of Phegeus 1, a Psophian son of the river god Alpheus [see also Robe & Necklace of Harmonia 1] [Apd.3.7.5-6; Pau.6.17.6].
Arsinoe 2. Daughter of Leucippus 2, son of Perieres 1 and Gorgophone 2, the daughter of Perseus 1 and Andromeda. Arsinoe 2 has been called mother of Asclepius and Eriopis 3 by Apollo [see also Coronis 2] [Apd.3.10.3; Hes.CWE.63].
Arsinoe 3 was loved by Arceophon, but as she refused him, he let himself die of hunger (a similar case is that of Anaxarete and Iphis 5). Arsinoe 3, daughter of Nicocreon from Salamis (a descendant of Teucer 1, half-brother of Ajax 1), was then
turned into a stone [Lib.Met.39].
Arsinoe 4. Nurse of Orestes 2 [Pin.Pyth.11.17].
Arsinoe 5. One of the MINYADS or
daughters of Minyas,
the man who owned a marvellous treasure in
Orchomenus. The MINYADS became insane and, having
conceived a craving for human flesh, drew lots for
their children, to see who they were going to eat
Arsinoe 6. One of the NYMPHS DODONIDES
Arsinous 1. A Mysian whose sons, Chromius 2 and Ennomus 1, joined the Trojans in their war against the Achaeans [Apd.Ep.3.34ff.].
Arsinous 2. A man from Tenedos, father of
Hecamede, the lady whom Nestor received when Achilles sacked
Tenedos, the island off the coast of the Troad
Arsippe. One of the MINYADS or daughters
of Minyas, the man who
owned a marvellous treasure in Orchomenus. Along
with her sisters refused to honour Dionysus 2 and was
therefore turned into a bird by Hermes [Lib.Met.10].